Regarding emails and phone calls: During the weekdays, I normally will respond within 24 hours, on weekends within 48 hours.
Although a modest body of knowledge on LGBT health has been developed over the last two decades, much remains to be explored.
What is currently known about LGBT health? Where do gaps in the research in this area exist? What are the priorities for a research agenda to address these gaps? This report aims to answer these questions. The committee believes it is essential to emphasize these differences at the outset of this report Study introduction homosexuality in some contemporary scientific discourse, and in the popular media, these groups are routinely treated as a single population under umbrella terms such as LGBT.
At the same time, as discussed further below, these groups have many experiences in common, key among them being the experience of stigmatization. Differences within each of these groups related to, for example, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age also are addressed later in the chapter.
Lesbians, gay men, and bisexual men and women are defined according to their sexual orientation, which, as discussed in Chapter 2is typically conceptualized in terms of sexual attraction, behavior, identity, or some combination of these dimensions.
They share Study introduction homosexuality fact that their sexual orientation is not exclusively heterosexual. As explained throughout the report, these differences have important health implications for each group.
In contrast to lesbians, gay men, and bisexual men and women, transgender people are defined according to their gender identity and presentation. This group encompasses individuals whose gender identity differs from the sex originally assigned to them at birth or whose gender expression varies significantly from what is traditionally associated with or typical for that sex i.
The transgender population is diverse in gender identity, expression, and sexual orientation. Some transgender individuals have undergone medical interventions to alter their sexual anatomy and physiology, others wish to have such procedures in the future, and still others do not.
Transgender people can be heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual in their sexual orientation. Some lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals are transgender; most are not.
Male-to-female transgender people are known as MtF, transgender females, or transwomen, while female-to-male transgender people are known as FtM, transgender males, or transmen. Some transgender people do not fit into either of these binary categories. As one might expect, there are health differences between transgender and nontransgender people, as well as between transgender females and transgender males.
Combining lesbians and gay men under a single rubric, for example, obscures gender differences in the experiences of homosexual people. Likewise, collapsing together the experiences of bisexual women and men tends to obscure gender differences.
And the transgender population, which itself encompasses multiple groups, has needs and concerns that are distinct from those of lesbians, bisexual women and men, and gay men. As noted above, despite these many differences among the populations that make up the LGBT community, there are important commonalities as well.
The remainder of this section first describes these commonalities and then some key differences within these populations.
Commonalities Among LGBT Populations What do lesbians, gay men, bisexual women and men, and transgender people have in common that makes them, as a combined population, an appropriate focus for this report? To better understand how sexuality- and gender-linked stigma are related to health, imagine a world in which gender nonconformity, same-sex attraction, and same-sex sexual behavior are universally understood and accepted as part of the normal spectrum of the human condition.
In this world, membership in any of the groups encompassed by LGBT would carry no social stigma, engender no disgrace or personal shame, and result in no discrimination.
In this world, a host of issues would threaten the health of LGBT individuals: Only a few factors would stand out for LGBT individuals specifically. We do not live in the idealized world described in this thought experiment, however.
Historically, lesbians, gay men, bisexual individuals, and transgender people have not been understood and accepted as part of the normal spectrum of the human condition.
Instead, they have been stereotyped as deviants. Although LGBT people share with the rest of society the full range of health risks, they also face a profound and poorly understood set of additional health risks due largely to social stigma.
While the experience of stigma can differ across sexual and gender minorities, stigmatization touches the lives of all these groups in important ways and thereby affects their health. In contrast to members of many other marginalized groups, LGBT individuals frequently are invisible to health care researchers and providers.
As explained in later chapters, this invisibility often exacerbates the deleterious effects of stigma. Overcoming this invisibility in health care services and research settings is a critical goal if we hope to eliminate the health disparities discussed throughout this report.
It is important to note that, despite the common experience of stigma among members of sexual- and gender-minority groups, LGBT people have not been passive victims of discrimination and prejudice.Introduction Speech Fox Speech of Introduction: The Day I was Born Speech For your introduction speech you will present a brief speech on the day you were born.
This speech is meant to be an icebreaker and is your time to introduce yourself to your fellow classmates and me.
Jul 03, · Does the Bible teach that God wants us to accept and tolerate homosexuality? Is every Christian who opposes homosexual practices a "homophobe"? Should we accept gay marriage? Bible Study Blog: Gospel Lessons, Teaching, and Articles Homosexuality, Gay Liberation, and the Bible To learn more we urge you to study our free.
NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. moreover, researchers risk being marginalized or discredited simply because they have chosen to study LGBT issues (Kempner, ), Introduction - The Health of Lesbian, Gay. Introduction To LGBT Studies This introductory course examines a wide range of issues related to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community and how those issues impact family, education and the community.
What about homosexuality? Introduction Homosexuality is a huge issue in our culture today. Many of us know someone or have heard of someone who has chosen that lifestyle.
We will take an interdisciplinary approach to LGBT studies; indeed, we will draw promiscuously from a number of academic fields, including sociology, philosophy, history, English studies, gender and sexuality studies, education, media and cultural studies, political science, and art.