Battles emerged over the westward expansion of slavery and over the role of the federal government in protecting the interests of slaveholders.
Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A.
Douglas ' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell 's votes centered in TennesseeKentuckyand Virginia. The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president.
He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency. However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with a total of 49 percent.
Confederate Army flag Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession.
Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincoln's March 4,inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war.
Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal.
InRobert E. Lee 's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg. Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grant 's command of all Union armies in Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T.
Sherman and his march to the sea.
The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. Lee's escape attempt ended with his surrender at Appomattox Court Houseon April 9, While the military war was coming to an end, the political reintegration of the nation was to take another 12 years, known as the Reconstruction Era.
Confederate flag, the "Stars and Bars". The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraphsteamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively.When Congress passed Kansas-Nebraska Act in in an effort to organize a government for the previously Unorganized Territory between Minnesota & Oregon, the legislation provided new opportunities for slavery to expand, even in regions north of the geographical divide between free & slave that had been established by the Missouri .
Causes: 1. In , the issue of slavery in the Kansas territory resurfaced. 2.
Senator Stephen Douglass introduced a bill to set of a government for the Nebraska Territory. Historians debating the origins of the American Civil War focus on the reasons why seven Southern states declared their secession from the United States The Republicans condemned the Kansas–Nebraska Act and the expansion of slavery, Dred Scott decision () and the Lecompton Constitution.
Slave Dred Scott. Stephen A. Douglas: Senator Douglas from Illinois introduced a bill called the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
This act created 2 new territories, the Kansas Territory and the Nebraska Territory out of the land that the railroad would travel through. Enabling women to control the number and spacing of their children is essential to reducing maternal deaths and human misery.
Over million women, mostly in the least developed countries, want to use modern family planning methods but can't access them, facing cultural barriers or family resistance, or not having access to contraceptives, or there is a lack of information or trained workers.
The causes of the break up of the Union: the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the decision of the Dred Scott case and of course, slavery Essay by volleyballa, January download word file, 4 pages download word file, 4 pages 4 votes4/5(4).