Today the former is universally regarded as one of the most famous speeches in American history; the latter is largely forgotten. Why is this short speech so memorable?
Sets time and place to establish the scene and directly references the Declaration of Independence, considered a sacred document to both the Unionists of the North and Secessionists of the South.
Confederates referred to the Civil War as the second war of independence. George Washington in as the first president, but the signing of the Declaration of Independence inand its sine qua non declaration of equality: The shortness of time also pointed to the fragility of the nation.
Poetically, the cadence began with two rhyming words: Lincoln built the Gettysburg Address upon a structure of past, present, and future.
The three parts of the speech, broken into their composite parts, relate a brief summation of history, a reflection on the current struggle and how the choices of the present dictate the future course.
His opening words highlighted historical continuity. Whether a man — women and blacks still had no voting rights in most electorates — owned thousands of acres or merely worked a farm as a hired hand, in the American social landscape, they were equal both before the law as they were before God.
All white men had been given the right to vote regardless of property ownership beginning in and bythis right was almost universal. Free blacks in the North also had sufferage. When Lincoln reaffirmed this truth he asserted that the war was about both liberty and union.
Because of the war, Lincoln had understood the fragility of the Union and sought to expose them through the architecture of his speech. Second paragraph Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.
The first line of the second paragraph establishes the moment of the speech in its precise political context. At the beginning of the body of his address he used two perfect parallels: As Lincoln spoke about the dimensions of the past, he constructed the content of his political purposes by repeating key words: We are met on a great battlefield of that war.
We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. The funerary oration has longstanding tradition.
Battlefield dedications have been visited by leaders throughout history. The unusual nature of this specific dedication was that it was happening during active wartime and the battle had happened so recently.
It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. The line establishes the justification for the audience to be at the event, while the following sentence immediately contradicts the importance by shifting the emphasis on the dead.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground.
These three parallel clauses focused on the present space: We can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow The structure of the English language was slowly re-ordered and restructured after the Norman invasion of by using a Latinate languages, specifically French, but the lexicon of English remained based with the roots of Old English.
As a linguistic aside, for instance, veal, beef, venison and poultry are the common names for prepared dishes, names imported from the Norman French, whose French-speaking lords dined on meat from animals tended to by Old English-speaking farmers who used the words calves, cows, deer, ducks, chickens and turkeys.
Lincoln used this linguistic abnormality as a parallel.Reading Informational Text Students read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin In this lesson, we will explore the context, themes, and purposes of Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address.
We will see how Lincoln's speech answered three important questions that were on. Reading about and understanding history is critical in the digital age. Students need to understand that regardless of whether you're investigation something that took place years ago or 2 minutes ago, you need to ask: who wrote this and published this?
can the document be trusted? what's the.
Assignment-Analyzing Seminal Texts Prewrite 9th grade english. English. account_circle Unassigned.
schedule 1 Day. Lincoln built the Gettysburg Address upon a structure of past, present, and future.
The three parts of the speech, broken into their composite parts, relate a brief summation of history, a reflection on the current struggle. The Gettysburg Address Gettysburg, Pennsylvania November 19, On June 1, , Senator Charles Sumner referred to the most famous speech ever given by President Abraham Lincoln.
In his eulogy on the slain president, he called the Gettysburg Address a "monumental act." He said Lincoln was mistaken that "the world will little note, nor long.