Literary and Cultural Theory 1. What Is Literary Theory?
Unlike Foucault, who was chiefly concerned with the relationship between the humanistic… Life and work Derrida was born to Sephardic Jewish parents in French-governed Algeria.
From the s he published numerous books and essays on an immense range of topics and taught and lectured throughout the world, including at Yale University and the University of CaliforniaIrvine, attaining an international celebrity comparable only to that of Jean-Paul Sartre a generation earlier.
Examples include nature and culturespeech and writing, mind and body, presence and absence, inside and outside, literal and metaphorical, intelligible and sensible, and form and meaning, among many others.
This fact is indicated by philosophical texts themselves, which invariably describe speech in terms of examples and metaphors drawn from writing, even in cases where writing is explicitly claimed to be secondary to speech.
For Derrida as for Saussure, the meaning of a word is a function of the distinctive contrasts it displays with other, related meanings.
The structuralists analyzed various cultural phenomena—such as mythsreligious rituals, literary narratives, and fashions in dress and adornment—as general systems of signs analogous to natural languages, with their own vocabularies and their own underlying rules and structures, and attempted to develop a metalanguage of terms and concepts in which the various sign systems could be described.
Glas is an experimental book printed in two columns—one containing an analysis of key concepts in the philosophy of Hegel, the other a suggestive discussion of the thief, novelist, and playwright Jean Genet.
His later work also took up a host of other issues, notably the legacy of Marxism Spectres de Marx: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond]. Other essays considered political, legal, and ethical issues, as well as topics in aesthetics and literature.
Criticism Although critical examination of fundamental concepts is a standard part of philosophical practice in the Western tradition, it has seldom been carried out as rigorously as in the work of Derrida. Nevertheless, his work has met with considerable opposition among some philosophers, especially those in the Anglo-American tradition.The Tel Quel Group and the Historical Context of Post-structuralism.
Tel Quel (“as it is” in English) is the name of a highly controversial and influential quarterly literary review published in Paris between and , a time of significant cultural, political, and intellectual ferment. The Tel Quel group included a volatile, somewhat acrimonious, association of intellectuals and.
Jacques Derrida (–) was the founder of “deconstruction,” a way of criticizing not only both literary and philosophical texts but also political institutions. Literary Theory "Literary theory" is the body of ideas and methods we use in the practical reading of literature. By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean.
When Jacques Derrida introduced his theory of the deconstruction of literary texts in , there was a general rush by academics to welcome his contribution and make instant use of it.
(Click here for bottom) P p p, P Momentum. Utility of the concept of momentum, and the fact of its conservation (in toto for a closed system) were discovered by . Deconstruction: Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic.