Analyzing the Great Compromise, by Wendy Thowdis Essential Question How could our Founding Fathers balance the needs of the states as we created a national government? Online at Milestone Documents, http: Charles Tansill Washington DC: Government Printing Office,
The Great Compromise was an agreement made between large states and small states regarding how much power states would have under the United States Constitution. The Great Compromise helped determine how each of the US states was to be represented in the Congress.
What Was The Great Compromise? The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, the Great Compromise ofor the Sherman Compromise, was an agreement made between large and small states which partly defined the American goverment the great compromise each state would have under the United States Constitution, as well as in legislature.
It occurred in The Connecticut Compromise resulted from a debate among delegates on how each state could have representation in the Congress. The Great Compromise led to the creation of a two-chambered Congress. The agreement retained the bicameral legislature, but the upper house had to change to accommodate two senators to represent each state.
The deal reshaped the American government structure striking a balance between the highly populated states and their demands while at the same time taking into consideration the less-populous state and their interests.
The ratification of the Articles of Confederation provided an inadequate governmental structure.
It failed to regulate trade, levy taxes, and draft soldiers. Also, it failed to solve the slavery issue which polarized the Northwest Territory. Debt, especially the accumulated war debts became an enormous issue in the US. Many citizens found it increasingly difficult to generate enough income to pay for their daily expenses as well as taxes.
As much as the people looked up to the state for help, no social welfare relief developed.
Furthermore, the contentious politics also divided the citizens. This instability called for a delegation inproposed by Alexander Hamilton which would address a national reform. James Madison responded with support and asked other states to send their delegates to Annapolis, Maryland for a conference.
However, only five states representatives attended, but even so, they approved a plan in whichever state would send delegates to the Philadelphian convection. In May55 delegates representing 12 states, Rhodes Island was absent, met in Philadelphia to discuss the limitations of the Articles of Federation.
What The Great Compromise Involved? On the other hand, smaller states wanted equal representation. This plan outlined that the government should comprise of three branches the legislature, executive, and judiciary.
The three branches would serve a two-housed legislature.
The population was to elect the members of the lower house and they, in turn, would elect representatives in the Upper House. In other words, both houses included a population proportional representation.
Madison also proposed that Congress get a veto for all state laws. The New Jersey Plan, put forward on June 15,by William Patterson, called for equal representation of each state like it was in the Articles of Confederation system but sought to increase Congress power.
It called for a one-house legislature, equal representation of each state, and popular elections. Patterson also proposed a lifetime Supreme Court appointed by executive officers.
He focused on the probability that the national government would violate the sovereignty of the states. At this point, the less populous states representatives feared that the agreement would result in larger states drowning the voices and interests rendering them useless in the national scale.
Madison, on the other hand, argued that the most important states were very different from each other. Hamilton pointed out that each state was an artificial entity made up of individuals. He thus accused smaller states of being power hungry. The disagreements called for reflection leading to a negotiation on how to determine the future of the US government.
Roger Sherman, a Connecticut delegate suggested a plan that eventually turned out as the Great Compromise. His plan included a two-legislative form of government in the US, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
For everycitizens, a state received one member to serve in the House of representative and two senators. On July 16,despite Benjamin Franklin efforts to block equal voting rights of the smaller states, the proposal did pass even though by only one vote.
Thus the name compromise was conjured, and it paved the way for the constitutional final passage and became an important stepping stone in the creation and development of the United States.
Under this agreement, each state had to count three-fifths of its slaves into its total population. Before this agreement, slave-holding states called for an increase in their representation in Congress by counting all slaves as part of the community.The Great Compromise.
The Constitution consists of a preamble and seven articles. The first three articles divide the national government into three branches—Congress, the executive branch, and the federal judiciary—and describe the powers and responsibilities of plombier-nemours.com://plombier-nemours.com · The Great Compromise combined these two plans creating our current legislature with two houses, one based on population and elected by the people and the other house allowing two senators per state being appointed by state plombier-nemours.com://plombier-nemours.com To accomplish this aim, however, the Founders had to strike many compromises, including the Great Compromise, which provided states with equal representation in the Senate and representation based on population in the House, and the Three-fifths Compromise, which postponed the slavery issue that divided northern and southern states by counting plombier-nemours.com · Great Compromise of During the summer of , delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia debated on what type of legislative body the new national government plombier-nemours.com · - Pequot tribe is a Native American nation in Connecticut State which is federally recognized by the United States government.
It was recognized in by the congress and is considered to be the eighth tribe to be recognized by the United States government through congressional plombier-nemours.com://plombier-nemours.com?id= · Best Answer: The Great Compromise was a resolution reached between the proposed New Jersey and Virginia plans.
The Virginia Plan called for representation in the legislature based on population (similar to the House of Representatives). The New Jersey plan called for equal legislative representation for each state (like the Senate)plombier-nemours.com › Politics & Government › Government.